Generally, in daily life in daytime, while a human is located in type buildings such as hospital, warehouse, school, industrial facility or office buildings, a human lives in residential buildings in the evening.
Therefore, three P:
The green building criteria dominated by the design concept that keeps the human being at the center, and the priority of building quality buildings is prioritized.
LEED, the USGBC – United States Green Building Council certification system of a building intended to be designed as a green building, has rated many buildings worldwide.
Architectural-Mechanical-Electrical-Landscape works of the project are subject to LEED rating:
Location and Transportation
Energy and Atmosphere
Materials and Resources
Indoor Environmental Quality
The location or structure provides high thermal comfort by ASHRAE, ISO and EN Standards.
It consists of two stages:
DESIGN for THERMAL COMFORT
Heating and cooling loads to be found in the indoor environment are determined.
The effectiveness of heating & cooling systems are revealed. (Temperature and Fan Speed Values)
The effect on the design is determined according to the choice of natural or mechanical Ventilation.
With CFD, the thermal comfort level is modeled on the computer.
THERMAL COMFORT CONTROL
The number of thermostat sensors and placement positions are determined.
If a windy weather is foreseen in the external environment, the thermal comfort conditions at the pedestrian level are sought at both temperature and wind speed levels.
The location or building is required to provide high quality indoor air by ASHRAE, ISO and EN Standards.
It consists of two stages:
DESIGN for HEALTHY and HIGH QUALITY INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Determination of human and materials with emission effects
Systems to be found in the internal environment, determination of emitted quantities as CO₂ and VOC
Realization of the design according to the choice of natural or mechanical ventilation
With the CFD, the thermal comfort level is modeled on the computer.
INDOOR AIR QUALITY CONTROL
CO₂ ve VOC sensor numbers and locations are determined.
Apart from the static wind load of the buildings, dynamic wind load calculations are also important. Wind load should be calculated both in terms of facade components and to affect external shading elements such as sun shades.
Wind speed is calculated by ASCE and Eurocode standards.
In the computer modeling to be installed, the structure and the surrounding buildings and topography are processed in solid model.
Wind speed and direction are determined appropriately with CFD and the wind load affecting the environmental conditions and the effect of the structures is determined by the speed, pressure and force magnitudes.
CFD stands for Computational Fluid Dynamics.
Practical modeling in building design and various engineering applications (in-pipe flow, heating-cooling effects, renewable energy systems etc.) is done in a very short time
practically and guides the application-oriented designer and the employer.
Within the scope of Daylight Analysis and Consultancy, it is modeled both by various calculation methodologies and computer program:
365 days – Equinox – Summer and Winter dates -3 stages-
Side / surrounding building effect
Glass / window dimensions
Indoor shading elements
Indoor space dimensions (aspect relationship of the spaces to be lined up on the side of the building)
Outdoor shading elements (sun shades etc.)
Interior furnishing elements and the effect of floor-ceiling-wall paint color -colors-
Also, for LEED certification, modeling is performed with measurement or simulation for the daylight credit header.
Indoor lighting design provides optimum solution not only in night conditions, but by making maximum use of daylight for daytime conditions.
Outdoor – Landscape Lighting
Modeling and credit documentation with the LEED – Light Pollution Reduction Simulation Program
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